05 9月 爱丁堡论文代写-苏丹政府敦促DDR项目改善社会
本文主要的内容是苏丹政府敦促DDR项目改善社会，苏丹政府的官方DDR计划被称为国家裁军、复员和重返社会战略计划。该计划于2007年由苏丹全国DDR协调委员会签署。理事会解释了将DDR方案初始化的迫切需要，认为这是“为创造有利于人类安全的环境和支持苏丹各地，特别是受战争影响地区的和平协议达成后的社会稳定作出贡献”(NDDRCC, 2007, p.5)。本篇爱丁堡论文代写文章由英国论文人EducationRen教育网整理，供大家参考阅读。
The Official DDR program by government of Sudan is known as National Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration Strategic Plan. This plan was signed by National DDR Coordination Council of Sudan in 2007. The council explains the urge for initializing DDR program as ‘to contribute to creating an enabling environment for human security and support post-peace agreement social stabilization across Sudan, particularly war-affected areas” (NDDRCC, 2007, p.5).
The plan of DDR does not specify any particular objectives of this strategy like action against any group or force to downscale them but former staff of the Council reveals that this strategy of the government is based on positive cause instead of downsizing any particular group, military or force for security reasons. The plan is focused on increasing productivity of the society by developing former combatants as useful and constructive social and economic element of the society. The proper implementation of the program started in 2008 and activities in Nothern Sudan as well as Southern Sudan started afterwards (Nichols, 2011).
Until 2011, millions of dollars were spent on this DDR program by the authorities in order to demobilize 38,440 combatants, where the total number of combatants planned to be demobilized was 180,000, while 10,951 are completely reintegrated in the society (Brethfeld, 2010). Though a DDR program did not yield any quick result, a gradually increasing security, sense of protection and sense of ownership has been developed among the people of Sudan. Another great advantage among others is that the two major conflicting groups in Sudan who were enemies since ages are now working together. At the point of signing DDR, it was considered as an essential part of CPA, Comprehensive Peace Agreement. However, its benefits were not so obvious since last six years, but gradually the program has built confidence among Sudan’s citizen, which created trust among groups and parties and satisfied the security concerns of the people (Muggah, 2007; Nichols, 2011).