The above section has analyzed internet as a boon but it has many disadvantages as well. As almost everyone wishes to tame the easy-going and unrestricted internet today, many scholars also argue that the Internet harms the democracy and the public sphere in a large number of ways. The following given are the ways in which the internet contributes to the decline of democracy and the public sphere:
Electronic voting weakens democracy: No doubt, Internet facilitates the facility of electronic voting and has led to an increase in voter turnout. However, this has also resulted in changing the model of democracy from representative to direct. The direct democracy often favors dramatized and sensationalized issues over the ones that lack luster, puts a premium on mobilization resources, limits the ability of forming or making decisions that are out of favor, makes the building of political alliance or coalition difficult, and disinter mediates chosen governments (Sathye, 1999).
Also, the voting population often declines when the people are already aware of the unexpected results or in cases where the validity and rightfulness of the entire election or voting campaign is in question.
The Internet makes the cross-border manipulation of domestic policies easier: The Internet makes it very easy for foreign countries and policy makers to interfere in policies and politics of other nations. This is usually done via an electronic mail campaign, untraceable donations, misinformation, and chat group involvements and interferences (Mossberger, Tolbert, and McNeal, 2008).
The Internet results in geographical dispersal of people: The Internet often disconnects, as it brings people together. Inexpensive, as well as convenient communication gradually results in further topographical scattering of population primarily due to conflict of interests and opinions, which ultimately results in greater physical separation (Mossberger, Tolbert, and McNeal, 2008).
There are some of the major potential drawbacks of the internet for democracies around the globe. Due to all these factors, the internet is supposed to be a bane for democracy across the world.
This essay has focused on analysing several facets of the relationship between the Internet and democracy. Multiple ways on how the Internet strengthens and enhances democracy have been analysed. In the later parts of the essay, factors on how the Internet contributes to the decline of democracy and the public sphere have been presented.