代写论文的网站:解决交通拥堵问题

10 3月 代写论文的网站:解决交通拥堵问题

代写论文的网站:解决交通拥堵问题

根据嘉实多(Castrol)编制的一项交通指数,在全球最严重的交通拥堵问题上,印尼首都雅加达超过了其他城市。嘉实多是一家著名的汽车石油公司。根据他们的研究,由于严重的交通拥堵,司机每年不得不在路上启动和停车33240次(Castrol MAGNATEC, 2014)。雅加达被许多网上资源称为“可怕的交通堵塞之王”。嘉实多的研究得到了Waze(前Freemap)的进一步支持。Waze是一款基于GPS的地理导航应用,适用于智能手机和平板电脑,旨在提供有关旅行时间和路线细节的信息。雅加达的交通堵塞是反复发生的,因此居民们现在把这种困境当作日常生活的一部分。在雅加达及其郊区,包括Tangerang、Bekasi、Depok和Bogar,居民很难顺利驾驶。

代写论文的网站:解决交通拥堵问题
雅加达交通拥堵的一个关键原因是路上有大量的车辆,包括公共和私人车辆。这些汽车正以每年9%的速度进一步增长。(《经济学人》,2010)。雅加达的道路上每天有150多万辆汽车,但是,道路网只能容纳100万辆汽车。雅加达拥有庞大的公共交通网络。雅加达捷运公司(TransJakarta)是首个在南亚和东南亚引入的快速公交系统(BRT)。然而,仍然有大约70%的人更喜欢乘坐私家车出行,原因是个人安全和安全,公共交通出行时间不断缩短,车辆和基础设施保养不善。据报道,印尼首都雅加达每年都会发生许多交通事故,原因包括刹车失灵、与其他车辆相撞进入跨雅加达车道、公交车司机鲁莽驾驶等。

代写论文的网站:解决交通拥堵问题

According to a traffic index created by Castrol, a famous motor oil company, Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia, beats the rest when it comes to the worst traffic jams across the world. According to their study, due to heavy traffic congestion, drivers have to start and stop their cars 33, 240 times per year on the road (Castrol MAGNATEC, 2014). Jakarta is referred to as the ‘King of awful traffic jams’ by many online sources. The Castrol study was further endorsed by Waze (formerly Freemap), a GPS based geographical navigation app for smart phones and tablets meant to provide information about travel times and route details.The traffic jam of Jakarta has a recurring nature and hence the inhabitants have now accepted this predicament as a part of their daily routine. It is very difficult for the residents to drive smoothly in Jakarta and its suburbs including Tangerang, Bekasi, Depok and Bogar.

代写论文的网站:解决交通拥堵问题
One of the key reasons of Jakarta’s traffic congestion is the large number of vehicles on the road including both public and private vehicles. The vehicles are further growing at the rate of 9 percent per year. (The economist, 2010). There are over 1.5 million vehicles each day on the roads of Jakarta, however, the road network can incorporate only 1 million vehicles. Jakarta has a huge network of public transportation. TransJakarta was the first Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) to be introduced in South and Southeast Asia. However, still around 70 percent of the population prefers travelling in private vehicles, reason being, personal safety and security, worsening travel time of public transportation, poor maintenance of vehicles and infrastructure. Many accidents are reported each year with causes such as brake failures, crash with other vehicles entering the TransJakarta lanes, reckless driving of bus drivers etc.Another notable reason for traffic congestion in the Indonesian capital is the worst protests that have become a typical story.