代写论文价格:灵活性的好处

27 4月 代写论文价格:灵活性的好处

代写论文价格:灵活性的好处

Cruz和Marques(2013)认为,这些PPP是较长的合同,涉及大量的投资,并且通常是在不确定性方面发展起来的。这些不确定性被视为一种威胁。实际上,它应该被视为一个充满机遇的领域。合同应具有灵活性和创新性,以促进PPP的发展和生产力。Cruz和Marques(2013)通过对一家医院的案例研究,阐述了灵活性的诸多好处,并展示了在处理这种情况时具有适应性和务实方法的重要性。这些基于动态事件的变更将导致项目评估的改进。Ismail(2013)对项目的成功因素进行了分析。研究发现,私营部门和公共部门的成功因素指数不同。采用问卷调查的方法对马来西亚某一特定PPP项目进行了分析。参与研究的人数为179人。研究发现,在这两个部门,人民都重视良好的管理和利益攸关方的承诺,一项处理法律和经济问题的强有力的行动计划是衡量成功的主要因素。
研究发现,无论是私营部门还是公共部门,成功因素都存在共性(Osei-Kyei and Chan, 2015)。从利益相关者分析中可以发现,几乎在所有项目不代表目标的情况下,如果利益相关者没有意识到该计划,那么首要问题就会出现(Tang and Shen, 2014)。在合同期限较长的情况下,发生重大事件的可能性较大。为了处理不确定性,应该过分重视保持当事人之间的无形关系(邹等,2014)。有一个关系管理是必要的,以确保有更好的解决方案来处理问题。通常情况下,管理层往往非常重视运营的物流,而不是构建成功因素(Zou et al., 2014)。因此,人们认为应该关注利益相关者之间的无形关系,以提高效率和处理不确定性问题(Zou et al., 2014)。每个项目的相对重要性取决于公司的管理。管理层应提供支持和承诺,以改善关系管理。

代写论文价格:灵活性的好处

According to Cruz and Marques (2013), these PPP are longer contracts that involved high volumes of investment and are generally developed in terms of uncertainty. These uncertainties have been perceived as a threat. In reality, it should be considered as an area of opportunity. There should be the flexibility and innovation of the contracts that enable the PPP development and productivity. By using the case study of a hospital, Cruz and Marques (2013) stated the numerous benefits of having flexibility and it showcases the importance of having adaptability and pragmatic approaches in dealing with the situation. These changes based on the dynamic events would lead to the improvement in the valuation of the project. Ismail (2013) had undertaken an analysis to examine the success factors of projects. The indices for success factors were found to be different between the private and the public sector. A questionnaire survey method was used to analyse a particular PPP in Malaysia. The number of participants in the study was 179. It was found that in both these sectors the people valued good governance and commitment of the stakeholders, a robust action plan that addresses the legal and economic issues was the main factors which was considered to measure success.
It was found that in both the private and the public sectors, there was commonality of the success factors (Osei-Kyei and Chan, 2015). From stakeholder analysis, it has been found that in almost all of the cases where the project does not mean the objectives, primary issue if the stakeholders are not being aware of the plan (Tang and Shen, 2014).In the cases of longer contractual period, there are higher chances for major events to arise. There is undue importance that should be given to maintain the intangible relationship between the parties involved to handle uncertainty (Zou et al., 2014). Having a relationship management is essential to ensure that there are better solutions to handle issues. More often than not, the management tends to give a lot of importance towards the logistics of the operations rather than building success factors (Zou et al., 2014). Hence, it has been opined that there should be focus given to intangible relationship between the stakeholders to improve efficiency and deal the issues of uncertainty (Zou et al., 2014). The relative importance of each project is based on the management of the companies. The management should provide support and commitment to improve the relationship management.