essay代写:项目管理

为了进行有效的项目管理,管理者有必要依赖于项目的判断,并使用必要的工具来分析风险。可能与风险分析有关的决策完全基于风险中可能存在的容忍程度。除此之外,许多其他因素也可以考虑在风险的情况下,如合同的要求,利益相关者的偏好也很重要。除此之外,还有一种道德确定性条件的实质存在。可能与风险有关的不同态度可以应用于不确定性条件下的决策。尽管如此,这种方法在理解与不确定性有关的人类风险方面可能不是很有帮助。为了将理性的方法应用于风险的管理,重要的是他/她应该做与风险相关的不确定性的预期。因此,确保项目管理项目的决策过程是完全理性的,决策观是完全优化的,也是十分重要的。

essay代写:项目管理
根据合同理论,可以将与完整合同有关的概念理解为具有不同可能性的法律后果的具体合同。这些法律后果在项目管理中也可能导致风险。一般来说,可能有三种不同的观点与风险和不确定性有关。第一个观点是知识寻求者,它被用来理解一些与风险相关的心理学方法。同样重要的是要有可能与风险相关的适当知识。同样的一个例子是,项目经理通常认为他们没有权力自己做出决定。第二种观点与确定性最大化有关,它指出,应该关注可能与不确定性有关的削弱后果。Beger和Calabrese(1975)也提出焦虑可能被认为是情绪上的不确定性。

essay代写:项目管理

In case of an efficient project management, it is necessary that the manager should be reliant on the judgement of the project and should use the required tools for the analysis of the risks. The decision which may be related to the analysis of the risks is based completely on the levels of tolerance which may be there in the risk. In addition to this many other factors also may also be considered in case of the risk such as the contractual requirements, the preference of the stakeholders also holds importance. In addition to this, there is also a substantial existence of a condition of moral certainty. The different attitude which may be related to the risk can be applicable in the decision making which can be done under the condition of uncertainty. Though, this kind of approach may not be very helpful in understanding the human risk involved with the uncertainty. In order to apply the rational approach for the management of the risk it is important that he/ she should do the anticipation with the uncertainties associated with the risk. Thereby, it is also important to ensure that the project management projects includes the decision making process of such a manner which is completely rational and which has a complete optimization of the view of decision making.

essay代写:项目管理
As per the contract theory it can be employed that the notion related to the complete contract which may be understood for an specific contract having the legal consequences of different possibilities. These legal consequences may also lead to the risk in case of the project management. In general there may be three different views which are related to the risks and the uncertainty. The very first view is the knowledge seeker, which are used to have the understanding of some of the psychological approaches related to the risks. Under the same it is important to have the proper knowledge which may be associated with the risk. An example of the same is that the project managers in general does not feels that they may have the authority to make the decisions on their own. The second view is related to certainty maximizer which states that there should be a focus on the debilitating consequences which may be related to uncertainty. Beger and Calabrese (1975) have also given the proposal that anxiety may be considered to be the emotional equivalent to uncertainty.