The cemetery lied in what was known as the Mamluk governor’s storeroom. It was one of the large cemeteries that was uncovered and was probably of a size which can handle more than 100 burials at a time. The burial customs were different in the Ottoman period and the discovery of this cemetery in the Field L of the Ottoman Empire is potentially capable of providing wealth of information about the funerary customs of the empire in those times. There have been several literatures about the transition in life customs of the people of the Ottoman Empire. Specifically, this research essay will focus largely on the transition of the burials and funeral practice of the Bedouin community in Transjordan. It will also dig into reason why the transition is unique to Transjordan.
The Bedouin tribal cemetery in the Transjordan area is a unique discovery that has happened in the last century as it has given out multiple important considerations about the Ottoman Empire, the people, the tribes, their daily conducts, their practices, their preferences, the burial methods, their customs and rituals, etc. This information is tremendously important to understand the past and how they survived for such a long time ruling a vast region under the Ottoman rule. The cemetery has become a heritage site and thousands of tourists come to study the sites and the relevance to current times. The dead burials often had bangles, ornaments, and jewelleries decked on women and men. The dead skeletons also had mother and child lying together.
There have been several researches about the reasons of such deaths. The cemetery often neighboured camping sites and the tribes were more nomadic for a major part of their life and then sedentarized during the latter part of their life. The tribes have rich economically and had been engaged with trade with neighbouring countries and regions. The tribe of the Bedouin community has been living long lives and had to come to a changing nature of social and political influence during the end of the Ottoman Empire. When the new government came after the First World War, they had to change their burial and funerary customs and had to change with time.