As described above, disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration of ex-combatants is carried out to resolve a conflict and post-conflict phase to ensure peace in the society and restore previous status of combatants in the community. If disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration of ex-combatants are not done, there is an obvious chance of regrouping of combatants and engaging themselves in another conflict. This may spread violence and harassment in the society. There are communities which are subjected to conflicts repeatedly; even the conflicts are resolved through proper measures.
These communities fail in the reintegration of ex-combatants in their pre-conflict status, and letting them adjust in steady economic conditions. Thus these elements seek their survival in the community through violence and threatening. Therefore, DDR, Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration, is a vital part of peace building process in society. DDR possesses great importance in incorporating sustainable peace in many societies of the world since 18th century. DDR program was first formally established during World War II, in 1949, as the conflict between East and West Germany surged. Since then, DDR has gained much importance in peace-building process throughout the world.
The program has been updated by international and national authorities for the upwelling of peace harmony and avoidance of violence in the society. Whenever there is a conflict anywhere around the world, authorities are established disarmament and demobilisation of combatants and reintegration of ex-combatants in the society for ensuring peaceful conditions and to sustain that for longer terms. The DDR programs as a part of peace building process are designed to affirm a level of trust between the conflicting parties. The DDR programs have taken an essential position in peace building and post-war security programs of the nations since 1990’s.The contribution of peace-building process through DDR is explained by studying DDR cases implicated around the world