论文代写:学习理论

28 4月 论文代写:学习理论

论文代写:学习理论

学习理论和学习本身一样古老。学习被认为是一个非常私人的行动。然而这个简单的个人行为的发生离不开社会和学习的影响也成为社会行动。因此有一个矛盾的元素与学习有关。学习理论已经出现一个行为主义者看来,“学习意味着个人的改变一些干预的结果。这可能被视为一个结果或者过程”(1977年贝尔金和灰色,p.211)。在另一端的建构主义认为学习是一个寻找意义。外部刺激的作用,比如老师在激励学生构建自己的精神形象是承认这个理论。行为主义方法和创造性的方法实际上被认为是两个极端的光谱理论的学习。本文批判性地分析这两个理论和建构主义理论认为,如果更多的进化来解释当代的学习情况。

论文代写:学习理论

人类行为的调节是行为主义理论的核心。j·B沃森被认为是行为主义的父亲。巴甫洛夫的经典条件作用是定义在一个实验也支持这一理论。人类学会应对中性刺激,他们会回应一个无条件刺激。使用操作性条件作用技术进一步理解这将意味着学习行为会加强或削弱基于奖励或惩罚的存在,“操作性条件作用学习原理是新的学习发生正面强化的结果,和旧模式是废弃的负强化的结果”(1977年贝尔金和灰色,p.59)。

论文代写:学习理论

Learning theories is just as old as learning itself. Learning is considered a very personal action. However this simple personal act cannot happen without the influence of the society and in that learning becomes a social action also. Hence there is a paradoxical element associated with learning. Learning theories have been presented with a behaviorist view, “Learning implies a change in the individual as a result of some intervention. It may be viewed as an outcome or as a process” (Belkin and Gray, 1977, p.211). On the other end the constructivist view learning as a search for meaning. The role of the external stimuli such as a teacher in motivating the student to construct their own mental image is acknowledged in this theory. The behaviorist approach and the constructivist approach are in fact considered as two extremes of the spectrum on the theories of learning. This essay critically analyzes the two theories and argues that the constructivist theory if more evolved to explain the learning situation in contemporary times.

论文代写:学习理论

The conditioning of human behavior is at the heart of the behaviorist theory. J. B Watson is considered the father of Behaviourism. The classical conditioning as defined in an experiment by Pavlov is also supportive of this theory. A human learns to respond to a neutral stimulus in a way that they would respond to an unconditioned stimulus. Using the Operant conditioning technique to understand this further it would mean that learning behaviour would either be strengthened or would be weakened based on the presence of a reward or a punishment, “The learning principle behind operant conditioning is that new learning occurs as a result of positive reinforcement, and old patterns are abandoned as a result of negative reinforcement” (Belkin and Gray, 1977, p.59).

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