Business organization as a science is important since it includes the systematic knowledge of the subject of science which leads to establishing a relationship between the reasons for management of organization and its overall effect on the work. We can consider business organization to be a science because there are a lot of principles arranged in systematic structure which is basically based on experiments that show a clear relationship between cause and effect. One good example which can define organization as science and which also holds a part of the organizational principles (Reference for business, n.d.).The practicing managers also believe that an organization is better defined when it is estimated to be as science. The managers believe that scientific foundation of the piece of organization is a craft that is incomplete without the determination involved in objective way to the course of action. There have been management techniques that have described the managers working in an organization as scientists. As a science, organization is very well related to the sociology as it deals with people who conduct and formulate social relationships which are specialized in connection with psychology. Even though one may consider organization as science yet there are a few limitations as well which deals with materials and conditions becoming complex and having hypothesis. Approach of psychology also promises that organization is more about practically useable results and which is why it is to be considered as science. The idea of emphasizing on reducing the inefficiencies and psychological understanding of workers in an organization define the real meaning of science.
Business organization as art means that business is doing a good job in the best possible manner. It mainly shows business can undertake various tasks and activities which will help the business in achieving goals. It is an art since the manner in which organization will carry out the business is given very well and the principles indicate best possible rules and regulations to conduct business. An example of organization as an art would be the principle of labor division in the best possible manner where there is appropriate division of work among all employees and managers as per the duties and responsibilities each one can handle with lesser production costs and increased efficiency level (Lotte Forchhammer, n.d.).