In terms of rights and the function of government, it could be argued without doubt that in the absence of some of the theories suggested by John Locke, the possibilities or ideas given by Marx would not have subsisted. According to John Locke, government in a country could only function if there is a social contractual arrangement between the state and the people and if it is supported by the people behind it. This was one of his primary assertions. Moreover, there were a number of additional rights offered by this government comprising of the right of liberty, life and the right of ownership of property. The main idea behind Locke’s assertion was that, in order for a government to sustain its rule, it had to be equitable and fair in its proceedings. In addition to this, Locke also believed that people of a country had the right to raise a voice or revolt if the ruling government is not functioning properly or if their needs are not being met. Even Marx’s idea was aligned on these lines with that of Locke’s, but there was a slight difference in what Marx believed. In the words of Marx, to bring about a change in an economy and to resolve the issues and struggles prevailing in the society, it is crucial for the people of the country to take a stand in order to make necessary adjustments.
He claimed that this change could not really be brought through the government or the institutional framework.Although Marx and Locke have similar views when it comes to equitable distribution of resources but they are different in their approach of when it comes to defining liberty and in the way they place their trust in the government. The trust that Locke places in the power of government is an optimist view. Still, the view that Marx proposed would not have existed without the groundwork suggested by John Locke, especially his work on the right to revolt and natural rights. The point where Marx and Locke appear to be significantly different is related to that of ownership of private property.According to Locke, the state of nature defines the state of freedom in perfect sense. This means that people can dispose of their actions or possessions without depending on the will of any one within the bounds of law of nature. Locke affirmed and stated the idea of Karl Marx in his words that, “As usurpation is the exercise of power which another has a right to, so tyranny is the exercise of power beyond right, which nobody can have a right to” (Locke 1965).