Ocean and Marine Dumping is another major cause of water pollution. Each and every day a lot of waste is dumped into the water. This includes the day to day rubbish including the paper waste, the food waste, the plastic waste, the rubber waste, metallic waste and aluminum waste. These wastes are decomposed directly into the sea and the rivers in many nations (Klein, 2013). These are the waste taking a lot of time for the purpose of decomposition. For example, it takes around 6 weeks for the decomposition of the paper and 200 years for the decomposition of aluminum. Thus, this leads to the water pollution to a large extent. Underground Storage Tanks and Tube Leakages may also cause water pollution. There are a number of liquid products which are stored in the metal and steel tubes under the surface of the earth. Over a given period of time, there may be a leakage in the surface. Because of this leakage, the soil may get contaminated and the liquids end up in the water bodies which are situated nearby. Water pollution is also caused because of the atmospheric decomposition in the pollution of water bodies.
Whenever there is an air pollution because of the existence of a large number of sulphur di-oxide particles and nitrogen-oxide particles, these mix with the water surfaces and leads to the formation of a toxic substances. This falls to the ground as acid rains and gets washed in the water bodies. Water pollution is very harmful to the human beings, animals and water life. The effects of the same can be huge. Because of the chemicals and the harmful concentration of a large number of pollutants, water pollution is a major problem in the present world. The water pollution can cause the death of the aquatic animals. Because of the water pollution, there may be the death of a number of aquatic animals such as fishes, crabs, sea gulls and many other animals which are the part of the habitat. In addition to this, the water pollution also causes the disruption of food chains. As a result of the water pollution, harmful effluents such as lead and cadmium are mixed with the water bodies. These are further eaten by the aquatic animals and also by the human beings when mixed with the water (Rozell et al, 2012). These substances are very harmful for both human and aquatic life and the environment.