The building of Utopia began after the Russian Revolution which took place in the year 1917. During these times, art and design was considered to be the part and parcel of the everyday life of the people. There was also an expansion of the technology beyond the limits. The Utopian vision was to have a collective effort of the Avant grade architects, artists and the designers. This led to the evolution of the large number of new and the latest theories and institutions, new types of designs and the buildings. It also led to the production of the large number of innovative propaganda. Many of the designers worked under the banner which had been known with the name of constructivism (Spencer-Wood, 2004).
These designers proclaimed that the actual task of the art was actually not to adorn art but it was actually to organize the same. The communist visionaries were greatly impacted from the Utopian concept and their designs had been largely based on Utopian vision. The designers and the artists who belonged to the Utopian vision and worked at social perspectives believed that Utopia can be achieved in reality within the social and the economic structures which existed in the nation at the present times. It had also been observed by the Avant grade designers that the machine and industrial production are some of the most important ideas which can lead to the production of a greater equality. Some of the different visions related to Utopia were not actually exclusive of one another. It had been believed by the Dutch group De Stijl in the social and the spiritual dimensions of the works. The Bauhaus School which was there in Germany had also done the abandonment of the initial spiritual emphasis for the unification of the Utopian design.
There was a wave of spirituality in the years before and after the First World War. Their vision of the Avant grade designers was to reject the tendency of sterile materialism which was there in the modern world.It was to create the form of the expression which can give the reflection of the expression related to the intellect and the soul of human beings, too. Some of the Avant grade designs which included the Spiritual designs in Utopia include the German expressional designs, in which there were organic forms and the crystalline structures. This helped in conveying the Utopian vision in an effective manner. Spirituality had also been observed in some other Avant grade designs such as the Dutch De Stijl or Russian Suprematism. These designs were the clear reflection of the Utopian vision.