The goals of the Union carbide plant are to ensure productivity and at the same time assure safety of workers.In assuring the safety of the worker’s disaster prevention and management frameworks must have been in place.Risk and incident prevention protocol must have been followed.All major working equipment must have been checked and continuously maintained in order for safe operation. Union Carbide employees, investors, and the local community in which the plant runs are all major stakeholders.Safety valves, disaster alarms and scrubber valves for neutralization and more were present but were not working. Safety standards were not followed.
Fact: Safety beach occurred in the form of water reacting with MIC resulting in overheating of the liquid. This resulted in an increase in temperature where MIC started to vaporize. Refrigeration unit of the MIC storage tank was not working since the last 5 months before accident. Therefore, as internal pressure was increased, it leads to a buildup in high pressure within tank popping open MIC vapors into air.
Safety Standards: Regular plant maintenance should have been done. MIC storage tanks had refrigeration units that should have been checked.
Governance standards exist to ensure that all protocols within organization are followed. However, governance standards were not met, and no proper worker safety protocol or equipment safety protocol was followed.
Worker safety issues existed, and there was information from plants in the United States on how it was possible for such a leak to happen and yet the information was not applied in the case of the plant at Bhopal.
Stricter regulations for the future, compensation for health and safety issues of affected stakeholders must have been addressed.
In double checking, it will be critical to obtain feedback from stakeholders as to the incident and be as transparent as possible when it comes to sharing information.