04 7月 英国论文代写价格：奴隶制的两种形式
帮会制度和任务制度是奴隶制的两种形式(Innes, 1988)。前者比后者更残酷。在联帮制度下，在种植园劳动的奴隶必须不停地工作，不能停止或放慢速度。奴隶被迫从日出到日落工作。帮派制度分为三个帮派。第一个团伙被称为“大团伙”，这个团伙下的奴隶被赋予最艰巨的任务，身体比其他人更健康(Morgan, 1988)。第二组由奴隶组成，他们身体不太好，比如青少年，身体不好的奴隶或者老人。在“第三帮”的手下，最简单的工作就交给了他们。帮派制度是在19世纪发展起来的，被认为是战前时期的特征(Morgan, 1988)。帮派制度背后的理念是让奴隶在白人观众或监工的监督下工作一整天。这一制度包括密切监督，这意味着更少的自由劳动时间。这种制度也受到种族和性别的影响。任务系统不像帮派系统那么苛刻。在这个系统下，每天早上的每一次保存都会分配一个任务。这项任务是当天分配的。
没有时间的压力。任务完成后，劳动者可以自由地按照自己的意愿做任何事情。一些种植园的主人允许他们的奴隶在不从事日常工作的时候生产商品出售(Morgan, 1988)。在帮派制度中，奴隶在主人允许之前是不允许自由的;这样的奴隶没有自由。在甘蔗种植园中，由于这些作物需要更多的监督和加工(Morgan, 1988)，劳动力被迫实行帮会制度。大量的限制和监督造就了奴隶造反。奴隶不能逃跑，因为他们也在酋长的眼中。奴隶们不得不在烈日下工作一整天，如果他们试图逃跑，就会被杀死。根据性别和年龄划分，男性最适合从事体力劳动。加勒比海岛实行的是团伙劳动分工制度，北美英属殖民地实行的是任务制下的松散分工。任务制度下的奴隶更集中，更以家庭为中心，而帮派制度下的奴隶以男性为中心，更残酷。这种制度被认为是高度压制和艰苦的。
Gang system and task system are the two forms of slavery (Innes, 1988). The first was more brutal then the later. Under gang system, the slave labor working on the plantation had to work continuously without stopping or slowing down. Slaves were made to work from sun rise to sun set. The gang system was divided in three gangs. The first gang was called as the ‘great gang’, the slaves under this gang were given the hardest task and were physically fittest than others (Morgan, 1988). The second gang comprised of the slaves, who were less fit such as teenagers, slaves who were not well or the old people. Under third gang the easiest work was given. The gang system evolved in the nineteenth century and considered as the characteristic of antebellum period (Morgan, 1988). The idea behind gang system was to make the slaves work whole day under the supervision of a white spectators or an overseer. This system involved close supervision, which means less free time for labor. This kind of system was also influenced by race and gender. Task system was less harsh than gang system. Under this system, a task was assigned to every save in the morning. The task was assigned for the day.
There was no pressure of time. After completion of task, labor was free to do anything as per their wish. Some of the owners of the plantation allowed their slaves to produce goods for the sale, when they are free from their day task (Morgan, 1988). In gang system, the slaves were not allowed to be free till the time their owner gives permission; such slaves have no freedom. On the sugarcane plantation, the labor was forced in gang system, because those crops required more supervision and processing (Morgan, 1988). The lot of restrictions and supervision created slave rebels. The slaves could not flee as they were also in eyes of the chiefs. The slaves had to work under the scorching sun whole day, if they try to flee, they were killed. The systems were divided by gender and age, as males were most desirable for the hard labor. The Caribbean island had the labor divided by gang system, while the British colonies in the North America had loose task force under task system. The slaves under task system were more focused and family oriented, while the gang system had male oriented labor and more brutal. Such systems were considered highly repressive and painstaking.