Energy costs are fast increasing in the United Kingdom. This is a major concern that is being a significant political issue at present. Given this context, this report outlines a few key elements of the UK energy strategy going forward towards 2050. Particular points included are that of the mixed energy sources that will be present in the UK, the costs issue and a SWOT on some of the factors affecting the energy sector.
2050- A mix of energy sources
The year 2050 for the United Kingdom will most likely be a mix of energy sources. The primary reason for the mixed energy policy would be the need for sustainable energy. The UK economy has recovered from the recession effects of the past years, but businesses are fast recognizing the need to bring affordability by cost adjustments, that is balanced with that of decarbonisation (Energy Choices for the UK, 2013). Furthermore the United Kingdom has to be prepared for more sustainable fuel choices and not just short term fixes. Sustainability will be possible only when choices are more diversified.
In power generation there have been many switches made already from coal to gas generation and now nuclear power. In addition although challenged by the high installation charges, solar PV is still a convenient backup in some seasons. Carbon capture and storage technologies are being analyzed at present and these could become a viable option by 2020. In addition the offshore wind option might also be a backup measure. Tidal streams are also considered as one form of clean energy sourcing at present. This is at present is being developed around 2-3 sites in the United Kingdom (Mearns, 2013). It will be starting with the Pentland Firth. Existing hydro dams and lochs will be used in this scheme.