Team leadership approach has become most popular today and it is growing very rapidly. A team is a group of members who are interdependent and have common goals. They coordinate among themselves and reach the goal. In the case of team leadership, any member of team can perform the functions related to leadership, and this can be used to check the effectiveness of the current team (Horner, 1997). Comparing a team leadership approach with solo leadership, then the difference can be located in the fact that in case of solo leadership, this is kind of autocrat leadership which means there is a ruler having the absolute power to make any decisions and he takes the credit of the success.
In case of team leadership approach, it is more of team work and team’s success. A team lead resolves the conflict and provides proper feedbacks. He builds the effective environment and trust and inspires team work. He supports in making team decisions and coaches team members towards high performance. A team leader should expand the capabilities of the team members and create a separate team identity and keep them motivated to attain higher level of work results and success. Each individual in the team gains knowledge, skills and share the abilities in the team. Through all these a team keeps on growing.
Among the various options available for team leadership, the Hill’s model is the widely used model. This model helps in developing a mental road map with the help of which the problem diagnosis can be done (Pearce, 2002).
There are four levels in Hill’s model which are as follows:
Top Layer: to check the effective performance of the team, the leader should first make the mental model of the situation and then check what is required and whether there is any action required or just monitoring (Marks, 2004). If certain actions are required from the lead, then it can resolve the forthcoming issues at very early stage itself so that execution goes smoothly. If by doing the monitoring, it is working smoothly, then no action is required as such but just monitoring.
Second Layer: at the second level, it is checked if the problem is related to internal team functions or external team functions. Based on the analysis, here the third level is formed where each of these two levels are handled separately.