There are many organizational theories. Some of them are mentioned below:
Classical theory: This theory is the most basic theory which deals with the anatomy of the formal organization. It suggests that the performance of any organization can be improved by improving the productivity of each employee. It is very important for the organization to work as a team in order to increase productivity. The productivity can be improved by selecting those employees who would be beneficial to the organization through their strengths. The major tools which the organization can use to enhance the performance are motivation, fair wages etc. This is also followed in Blackberry where the employees are given handsome salaries but there is no room for self improvement of the employees.
Bureaucratic theory: Bureaucratic forms of organizations are dominant in the current times. In this one person has the authority. He can impose his will to his workers and the resistance from the workers would not be taken into consideration. The organization is considered as an administrative body and the administrative body has to follow the rules and regulations to work systematically.
System theory: System theory lays down rules and regulations on how an organizational system should work. It is very important for the managers to understand their subordinates. This helps them in recognizing the core competencies of the individuals and them putting them in a department which suits them. This would not only increase the productivity of the organization but also give room to the employees for their self improvement.
The Contingency Theory: The environments in which organizations operate have parameters which are bound to change from time to time. It is very important for the organizations to adapt to such changes in order to survive. In order to adapt to the changes, the organizations should have a manpower which is willing to change. The organization should itself make certain policies which would help the organization to manage change. This theory is followed by Siemens. Siemens is a company which can adapt to the changes since the people working at Siemens have an open mind. They are always ready to embrace new ideas, challenges and any external change for that matter. Adapting to changes efficiently is the key reason for the company’s success.