英国论文:经典的管理理论与人际关系理论

21 3月 英国论文:经典的管理理论与人际关系理论

英国论文:经典的管理理论与人际关系理论

根据经典的管理理论,工人就像一台机器。级别较低的员工只是服从级别较高的经理的命令。下级员工没有选择工作的自由。(Shafritz, Ott, & Jang, 2015)。这一经典的管理理论由于其自身的不足而没有被维珍集团所遵循。不考虑下级员工的经验和意见。这就是为什么生意不能满足高营业额的原因。他们对工作不满意,如果有好的机会,他们会辞职。人际关系理论被称为行为管理理论。人际关系理论考虑的是员工的意见,而不是规则、过程和程序。它允许员工建立人际关系(Shafritz, Ott, & Jang, 2015)。理查德·布兰森一直相信“为我工作”(布兰森,2013)。他从不遵守任何人的规则。他想做什么就做什么。在处男之初,当他雇佣员工时,他给予员工同样的自由。

英国论文:经典的管理理论与人际关系理论
如今,维珍集团拥有数十家公司。理查德给了高层管理人员和首席执行官按照他们的意愿经营企业的自由。理查德•布兰森(Richard Branson)的哲学帮助他的公司实现了目标。在过去的一年里,他们成功地拓展了在智利和波兰的业务。他们推出了新的维珍移动。在智利和波兰,它们遵循市场需求。高层管理人员不会向低层管理人员施加任何压力和命令,要求他们销售自己的产品。在招聘过程中,他们确保被聘用的人对维珍的目标和独特的特点有很好的了解。他们给予员工做出决定的自由。理查德•布兰森的这种哲学帮助维珍获得了巨额利润。这一理念也有助于提高品牌知名度,并对更大的社区产生积极影响。

英国论文:经典的管理理论与人际关系理论

According to Classical management theory, workers are like a machine. The employee of lower level simply follows the order of higher level managers. The lower level employee does not have any freedom to choose their work. (Shafritz, Ott, & Jang, 2015).This classical management theory is not followed by the Virgin group because of its shortcomings. It does not take into consideration of the experience and opinion of lower level employee. That’s why the business will not be able to meet high turnover. There is a lack of job satisfaction and they will give resignation if they get a good opportunity.Human relations theory was known as behavioural management theory. Human relation theory takes into account the employee’s opinion than the rules, process and procedures. It allows employees to build an interpersonal relationship (Shafritz, Ott, & Jang, 2015). Richard Branson always believes “to work for me” (Branson, 2013). He never follows anyone’s rules. He does whatever he wants to do. In Virgins early day when he hire employees, he gives the same freedom to employees.

英国论文:经典的管理理论与人际关系理论
Today Virgin Group holds Dozens of companies. Richard gives the freedom to top level managers and CEOs to run the business according to them. Richard Branson’s philosophy helps his organisation to achieve their goals. In the past year, they expand their business successfully in Chile and Poland. They launched new virgin mobile. In Chile and Poland, they follow the market requirements. The top level manager does not give any pressure and order towards the lower level managers to sell their products. After the recruitment process, they made sure that the people hired have a good understanding about Virgin’s goals and unique features. They give freedom to employees to take their decisions. This philosophy of Richard Branson’s helps Virgin to make huge profits. This philosophy also helps to increase brand awareness and positive impact on the larger community.