英国论文reference格式:什么是厄洛斯

14 5月 英国论文reference格式:什么是厄洛斯

英国论文reference格式:什么是厄洛斯

维吉尔将狄多的自杀戏剧化,并将一切归咎于她无法克服的爱或爱洛斯对埃涅阿斯的爱。厄洛斯,因此,被认为总是具有破坏性的,旨在分离永恒的恋人,永远不让他们死在一起,即使在天堂或其他世界永远被束缚。厄洛斯被拒绝了,因为它在爱人身上发挥着它的魅力,尤其是女性的心灵,她们屈服于一种神圣的压力,认为自己处于永恒的爱之中,不管分析男性爱人的接受程度或爱的强度。维吉尔并不推荐厄洛斯,因为他的灾难性后果。就像黛朵和其他许多故事一样,它主宰了女性的心灵,她们忘记了自己被遗忘的对王国和人民的责任。在维吉尔的故事中,厄洛斯被看作是一种干扰,而在《变形记》中,奥维德认为厄洛斯是一种连接爱人的宇宙力量,必须不惜一切代价予以否认(奥维德和桑蒂斯)。
对奥维德来说,战争不仅会分散注意力,甚至会在朋友之间引发战争。在一个故事中,奥维德描述了一个猎人,他被狩猎女神戴安娜周围的仙女迷住了。猎人和他的朋友们一直在寻找一只牡鹿,但是当女神把水浇在猎人身上时,他变成了一只牡鹿。这使他成为他和他的朋友狩猎的猎物。猎人被他的猎狗杀死,一个悲哀的结局表明紧急拒绝宇宙力量的厄洛斯,这只是为了连接情侣和人,但礼物不希望的结果。在另一个故事中,奥维德将厄洛斯描述为毁灭女性心灵的原因,直到死亡是确定无疑的。底比斯的王后塞墨勒,她怀了朱庇特的孩子,知道哪个朱诺生气了(奥维德等人)。在朱庇特的请求下,塞墨勒要求他和她做爱,就像他和朱诺做爱一样,在这个过程中朱庇特最终摧毁了她。

英国论文reference格式:什么是厄洛斯

Virgil dramatizes Dido’ suicide and blames everything to her insurmountable love or Eros for Aeneas. Eros, thus, is considered to be always destructive, intended on separating eternal lovers and never allowing them to die together to remain forever bound even in heaven or some other world. Eros is rejected, as it plays its charm on lovers, especially the female psyche who are succumbed under a divine pressure of assuming to be in eternal love, irrespective of analysing the reception or intensity of love in the male lover. Eros is not recommended by Virgil for its disastrous after effects. As in the case of Dido and in many other tales, it comes to dominate the female psyche who forgets their left-out responsibilities toward their kingdom and its people. As much as Eros is seen as a distraction in Virgil’s tale, Ovid in Metamorphoses considers Eros as a cosmic force meant to connect lovers, and it must be denied at all costs (Ovid and Sandys).
As much as it creates distraction, for Ovid it also creates war even among friends. In one tale, Ovid describes a hunter who is mesmerised by looking at nymphs surrounding Diana, the goddess of hunting. The hunter had been hunting for a stag with his friends, but when the goddess puts water on the hunter he is turned into a stag. This makes him the prey that he and his friends were hunting. The hunter gets killed by his hunting dogs, a sad end indicating the emergency denial of the cosmic force of Eros which is only meant to connect lovers and people but gifts undesired results. In another tale, Ovid presents Eros as the reason for damaging the female psyche until death is certain. The queen of Thebes, Semele, who becomes pregnant with Jupiter’s seed, knowing which Juno is angry (Ovid et al.). On request to Jupiter, Semele asks him to have sex with her as he had with Juno, and in the process Jupiter ends up destroying her.