Increased civil casualties that result from military operations and insurgent attacks: Armed group attacks along with national and international military operations have resulted in civilians killing and injury as well as civilian property destruction. IHL prohibits every violence form to people and those directed to oppose any person not a part of hostile acts.
Suicidal attacks: are carried out through elements that are anti-government and they have led towards increased number of civil people to die and be injured. Even when directed in opposition to the targets of military, these attacks are executed widely disregard any incidental damage. As a consequence, most suicidal attacks in opposition to perceived enemy at target, have resulted primarily in innocent killing of Afghan bystanders (innocent people). Especially damaging are those attacks which take place in areas highly populated or within the popular gathering vicinity, like bombs that have happened in market area of Kabul during tough hours.
Attack of VBIED in the province of Laghman in 2007- An Afghan national army group convoyed an attack with use of a suicide vehicle consisting of explosive devices (VBIED- vehicle borne improvised explosive device). Soldiers were coming back from the district of Qaryghai where they were helping victims of flood. The vehicle of suicide detonated itself in convoy’s close proximity. The attack was carried over within the limits of the city, within a region frequented through various civil people. 10 civilians were killed inclusive of 5 kids and serious injuries were faced by 13 civilians along with 5 soldiers.
In this example case, the main target of this attack was based on military goals but detonating a large suicidal bomb in the car in the mid of civil populated region is not at all related to the fight and in fact is not proportionate to any anticipated military benefit. The VBIED, accordingly, has clearly violated the basic IHL principles.
All the involved parties in Afghanistan military conflict inclusive of government forces in the country, US and other forces of coalition are bound through IHL. The watch of human rights along with the current neutrality position within armed conflicts does not take any position on the legality within military operations international law through NATO, US and other Afghanistan coalition partners.