03/01/2019

英国营销学论文代写:城市规划廉洁的观点

英国营销学论文代写:城市规划廉洁的观点

作者从现有文献的角度,结合我国城市规划的具体情况,提出了城市规划廉洁的观点。低质量均衡仍然存在于地方区域,这也是国家的一个问题。正如研究指出的,这种形式的腐败是用于个人利益与公共利益,在更多的人受益,有违反问题。因此,从本质上讲,并不是每个人都能以正确的方式受益。这不仅是对公众信任的滥用,也是对他们税收的滥用等等。正如作者所指出的,在私营部门有许多与规划有关的腐败问题,从采购的方式到人民的雇用问题。此外,还会出现增税的问题,公众不再信任政府如何使用他们的税收。这逐渐累积到在该国造成宏观环境不稳定的程度。大多数关于腐败的研究都支持作者的观点,因为他们认为腐败导致了投资的减少。

英国营销学论文代写:城市规划廉洁的观点
在过去的十年里,它改变了经济增长,没有别的原因,除了腐败起了作用。政府支出的构成以及更多的支出也加剧了该国以贫困加剧等形式存在的问题。笔者在对腐败问题的文献综述中,将腐败问题提上了风口浪尖,从城乡规划规律的角度对腐败问题进行了批判性的分析。在中国,存在着一种更为正式的规则体系,但随后城镇和城市规划的正当程序表明,尽管有这些规则,但仍有许多腐败正在发生。与以往针对腐败的学术辩护不同,两位作者似乎认为,是规则本身存在缺陷。作者认为,有了这些有缺陷的规则,城市规划师就会遇到问题。这些规则设计得如此糟糕,以至于各机构有可能利用它们。

英国营销学论文代写:城市规划廉洁的观点

The authors arguments for urban planning to be corruption free is presented in the viewpoints of existing literatures and specific elements for their country as well. A low quality equilibrium persists in the local regions that serves as an issue for the country as well. As research state it, this form of corruption is used for the personal gain versus the public gain where more people are benefitted, there are issues of contravention. So in essence, not everybody is benefitted in the right manner. This is not only an abuse of public trust, it is an abuse of their taxes and more. There are many issues of planning related corruption in the private sector as argued by the authors, from the way procurement would be conducted, to the hiring issues for the people. Additionally, there would be issues in the form of taxation increases, where the public would no longer trust the government as to how their taxes are being used by the government. This gradually builds up to the point of creating macro environment instability in the country. Most of the researches on corruption in general do support the viewpoint of the authors, as they state corruption has resulted in the decrease in investment.

英国营销学论文代写:城市规划廉洁的观点
In the past decade, it has led to altered economic growth for no reason other than that the corruption played a role. The composition of the government spending and more has also exacerbated existing issues in the country in the form of increased poverty and more. The authors in presenting a literature review on the subject of corruption brings the issues to the forefront, the paper critically analyzes the problem of corruption from the viewpoint of the rural and urban planning rules. In the country, a more formal system of rules exists, but then the due process in town and urban planning reveals that despite the rules there is much corruption afoot. The authors unlike the previous scholarly defenses on corruption seem to state that it is the rules themselves that are flawed. Authors argue that with the flawed rules there would be issues for the town planner. The rules are so badly designed that it would be possible for institutions to take advantage of it.

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