英国论文代写:开放源代码

08 2月 英国论文代写:开放源代码

英国论文代写:开放源代码

开源是一种非常自由使用的软件形式,用户可以很容易地将其改变为修改后的形式。在这样的软件中,源代码被给予了许可,并且权利来分发,改变和研究软件(用于不同目的)由版权所有者提供。通常这个软件是以协作的方式开发的,以使用户友好。 Standish集团(2008)的一份报告也报道说,采用开放源码软件已经导致每年为消费者节约600亿美元。这个软件的主要特点是放宽版权限制。其明显的优势在于它不会对软件的组织使用和分配造成任何限制。

英国论文代写:开放源代码
禁止分发和使用软件的主要目的是确保即使是主要的原始贡献者也能获得派生的作品。最初,“开放源代码”一词的使用没有被发明人理查德·斯托曼(Richard Stallman)所诟病,但是现在他公开反对,并建议不要使用“开放源代码”的人使用“免费源”这个词。最终得出了一个共识词,即“自由和开源软件”,并被世界各地的利益相关者广泛使用。最初这个词只是用来描述软件的源代码,但现在它指的是许多其他相关领域。其中一个领域就是开放源代码生态学,这是一个旨在使技术分散化以使每个人都能获得的运动。

英国论文代写:开放源代码

Open source is a form of software which is quite freely used and it can be changed easily into a modified form by the user. In such software a source code is given with the license and rights to distribute, change and study the software (for different purposes) is provided by the copyright holder. Usually the software is developed in a collaborative manner to make is user friendly. It is also reported by a report by Standish Group (2008) that adoption of OSS has resulted in the savings of $60 billion for the consumers on yearly basis. The main feature of this software is the relaxation on the copyright restrictions. The distinct advantage is that it does not put any type of limitation on the organizational use and distribution of software.

英国论文代写:开放源代码
The main purpose to forbid the distribution and use of software is to ensure access to derived works even by the major original contributors. Initially the use of word “open source” was not criticized by the inventor Richard Stallman but now he openly opposes it and recommends that instead of ‘open source” people should use the word “free source” for such type of software. Eventually there was derived a consensus term namely “Free and Open source software” and is widely used by the stakeholders all over the world. Initially the term was only used to describe the source code of the software but now it refers to many other related areas. One of these areas is open source ecology which is a movement aimed at decentralization of technology to make it available to each and every human being.