Duccio di Buoninsegna’s (Italian, Late Medieval) work, which is in Room 624 of the Museum, has been selected as one of the works to be discussed. To add to his credentials there is the famous painting by the name of Madonna and Child, c.1300, which has been done in Tempera and gold on panel (2004 442). The second famous work is of Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio or Santi) (Italian, High Renaissance) which is in Room 609 and Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints, ca. 1504 is the name of the painting which has been done in Oil and gold on Panel (16.30ab). The discussion will be about variation in the paintings that have almost similar names. It is aimed that the essay is able to highlight the variations used in the different paintings on the same subject while studying the use of colours and the directions of painting the faces. A brief explanation of the paintings and their association with the specific period in which they were painted has also been analysed. Finally, the essay builds a framework that aims at critically analysing the perspective adopted by two different artists about the same subject and how their viewpoints have a strong dissimilarity while articulating human form.
Duccio has been responsible for initiating the tradition of taking Madonna and Child as an important subject of consideration and it has been responsible to initiate a trend among artists to view it from a variety of angles. Duccio also suggests that Madonna and Child was the art work of one of the most influential artists of those times i.e. 13th and 14th century. The artist was Duccio di Buoninsegna who was an Italian artist. This image painted by him has been throughout the historical studies of western art. Madonna and Child holds significant value in terms of the innovations in style and religious subjects and it is believed that the description given would be beneficial for the ages to come as art students can gain significant knowledge through it (Duccio Di Buoninsegna | Madonna and Child | The Met). This work by Duccio has only been acknowledged since one century and was made available to scholars only around 50 years back. In comparison to other works of this artist, Madonna is considered to be more intimate and devotional image (Bullock 207). As can be seen in Image 1, the painting is focused on the love and affection and the personification of relationship that humans form with each other.