The several applications provided above are all essential components of the vision of wireless technology. Various technical based issues still remain and these need to be addressed for allowing future based wireless applications to foster (4). Such challenges are extended throughout system design aspects. As terminals of wireless technology have more added features, smaller devices need to have incorporation for several operational modes for supporting distinct media and applications.
Voice for computer processes, images and video information have occurred, but there are still some circuit design breakthroughs needed for implementing similar operations with multi-mode in a device which is cheap and lightweight (3). As customers do not have any wish for big in size batteries which require being charged and transmitted frequently, so there is a need for several advancements in order to ensure the devices sizes are reduced. The processing of signal needed for supporting the applications of multimedia and functions of networking have power intensive tasks involved. Throughout networks with wireless based infrastructure such as the LAN of wireless form, place a lot of burden of processing over sites that are fixed with major resources of power (2). The bottlenecks associated and individual failure points clearly are undesirable for the complete system.
Wireless networks with ad hoc have a highly appealing nature for several applications because of the robustness they offer and their flexibility. For such networks, all control and processing needs to be performed through the nodes of networks in a fashioned distribution sense, and therefore, it becomes challenging to gain efficiency of energy (1). When signals start propagating through a channel of wireless nature, it starts experiencing fluctuations of random nature with time when the transmitter or objects around start to move because of reflections changing and due to the changes regarding attenuation (3). Therefore, the channel features depict as if they are randomly changing with time and this makes it problematic for designing systems with reliability and good performance. Security furthermore is also an issue to consider for implementation within these systems as the airwaves have susceptibility to snoop from any region of the antenna of RF. The cellular systems furthermore do not have any security and it is possible for one to listen to the conversations of the others through analogue cellular band of frequency (5).