27 6月 英国论文重复率：实验是一项技术
他们指出，实验是最重要的技术，其他任何方法都无法解释可行的选择(Bovenkerk & Verweij, 2015)。但是，只有完全停止这一程序，才会发展其他程序。这是反对动物实验的人提出的论点。在当前的技术领域中，还有一些其他的选择是侵入性较小的。在培养皿或体外试验中培养细胞是可行的选择。模拟模型和数字发展可以用于分子结构的虚拟重建(Beauchamp, 2016)。这种分析可以得出可能的毒性。在成年人自愿的情况下进行微量剂量也可以是另一种选择。可以作出综合努力，创造使所有利益攸关方受益的可行选择。这些努力将导致动物试验最终被取代，而且它们将比人们目前采用的方法更加准确。这将最终使全体人民受益。
They state that the experimentation is the most important technique and viable options cannot be deciphered by any other means (Bovenkerk & Verweij, 2015). However only if this procedure is completely stopped there will be other procedures developed. This is the argument made by the people who oppose animal testing. Within the current realms of technology there are some other option that are less invasive. Cell cultures in petri dish or in vitro testing can be viable options. Simulation models and digital developments can be used for virtual reconstructions of the molecular structures (Beauchamp, 2016). Possible toxicity can be derived form this analysis. Micro dosing in consenting adults can be another alternative. Integrated efforts can be done to create viable options that would benefit all the stakeholders. These efforts would lead to the eventual displacement of animal testing and they will be more accurate than the current process deployed by the people. This would lead to the eventual benefit for all the people.
Hence complete banning of this testing method would cause the imperative which need to increase focus on other viable alternatives. These would lead to the creation of efficient methods that will actually benefit the people. Animal testing is not effective as it has been advertised. There are other viable options which are cheaper that can be developed with the current technology. The expenses for animal testing are higher when compared to the other technology. The people are found to have varying results when it is deemed safe for animals. These animal testing results are thus not accurate. It is expensive and used for frivolous cosmetic development. Only by banning this technology other forms of research can emerge. Even if all these factors are not considered the ethical aspect of the research needs to take precedence in a civilized society. From an ethical standpoint, unwarranted torture of animals for no real need must not be sanctioned in the society. To conclude, this are the reasons to ban animal testing.