他期望在不同职业的人之间找到显著的差异，但他能感觉到的是其他人之间的相互感受。他们都制定了明确的目标，并立即得到反馈。他们完全忘记了自己的问题和时间。 （goodreads.com 2014）
Have you ever experienced being totally engaged in something, without taking notice of your surroundings, which is constantly challenging your abilities and giving you a greater sense of ecstasy? If yes, then you are experiencing “flow”. According to positive psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, what your current experience is, it is called flow, a state of being completely immersed in an activity. This mental state of flow is described as being wholly occupied in an activity or task for the sake of oneself (Cherry 2014).
The central idea of Csikszentmihalyi’s book, Flow: The psychology of optimal experience (1990) is that people can achieve happiness when they learn to achieve flow in their daily lives. The main logic behind flow is self control. According to Csikszentmihalyi the best moments typically happens when a person’s mind and body is stretched out touching the limits voluntarily to achieve results that are difficult to accomplish and are worthwhile. Thus gaining of optimal experience depends upon people’s will, it is something that people work to make it happen. (Goodread.com 2014)
There are no barriers and boundaries for flow. It sets one’s imagination free. When students are completely sunk into the thinking process in order to find solution to the problem, they are achieving a learning flow.
The research in flow began when Csikszentmihalyi got fascinated by artists who were absorbed in their work without noticing their surroundings. Artists, predominantly painters were so much indulged in their work that they forget their basic needs like eating and sleeping. Csikszentmihalyi’s got stricken by the sight of artists deeply sunk into their work and forgetting everything that was around them. For him this state was so captivating that he started struggling to look for it in dancers, chess players, rock climbers and musicians. (Timlebon.com 2014).
He was expecting to find significant difference in activities of people of different professions but all he could sense was the mutual feeling among everyone else. They all had set high and clear goals and were having immediate feedback. They had completely forgotten about their problems and time. (Goodreads.com 2014)
Thus the origin of research on the idea of flow dates back to the time when Csikszentmihalyi tried to understand the passion and phenomenon that these artists were experiencing.