During the times of 1949, China was undergoing a transformation. One of the most remarkable events in the history of China occurred in 1949, the Chinese Revolution. Also in 1949 it was the end of the Civil War in China. In the present times, it is known to the world that the Socialist Realism of China has been enrooted into the two primary styles including the New Woodcut Movement around 1940’s and the social realism which is used in Soviet Union. After the winning of the Chinese Civil War and the foundation of People’s Republic of China in the year 1949, the nation invited many of the Soviet Experts in order to advise the people on the construction of a new nation. During these times, the oil paintings become a major priority for the artists who mixed the woodcuts with the Soviet style of Social realism. The art forms related to social realism include the subjects which were the part of the larger than life grand depictions. A large number of art forms portrayed different subjects which included the farmers, workers, soldiers and other students. The themes which were related to the social realism displayed the portraits from a large number of subjects such as the depiction of the soldier who has been engaged in the batter against the capitalist enemies, and the farmers who are working for tiling of the soil.
The Chinese style of social realism is different from the soviet style. The colors which were used in the paintings around this time were very bright and the paintings also included different water colors like gradations in tone. In addition to this, the outlines of the subjects were defined in a much clearer manner because of the influence of the woodcut art. During this time, there were a large number of posters which were antique in many spheres. The communist party under the leadership of Mao Zedong was in power in the year 1949. At the same time, a number of posters were released. These posters also had the elements of socialist realism. This included the examples and the teachers which were there in Soviet Union. In addition to this, the posters also consisted of a number of elements related to the painting and popular art forms in China. These included the use of sweet colors which were applied in soft gradations and the combinations of the heavy black contours with the flat bright colors. However, after the splitting of the Chinese Soviet led to the return of the more traditional Chinese styles.