And who supply the raw materials to the market via cooperative group. Farmers are limited to the production level and they have no role with customers or the dristibutors. Once the harvesting takes place packaging is undertaken in many industries and then sent off-seas. After packaging is done, it is sold to wholesalers and then forwarded to consumers who utilize the food and end the supply cycle. he farmer is at the preliminary stage of the food supply chain, who uses seeds, machineries, fertilizers,etc..Thus, system of supplying food to consumers puts a limitation to the transparency of its distribution (Barrett et al, 2006). Factors responsible for this limitation to transparency in supply are globalization, commoditization and consolidation. Globalization means exporting the finished and packed goods at a higher price and importing the raw materials at very cheap rates so as to maximize revenue at every level of food supply chain. Huge enterprises are dominated at each level through consolidation, which allows an increase in the number of food products and levels. With the advent of the term ‘global’, the risks in disordering and mismanagement of supply and lack of responsibility have forced to state that the third of produced never reaches our plates (Hunter,2002).
Harvesting Global Food Resources
Food supply doesn’t only revolves around production, but it is a function of energy efficiencies. Different countries specialize in particular commodities and thus this variation of species of food is circulated worldwide to earn profit and serve other countries. Crops, fisheries and livestock are three bold categories into which the global market is divided. This will bring the major producers, their economic conditions and their way of marketing into the picture. Along with the food types their environmental conditions are also elucidated that will complete the picture of the global food system and will help us to know whether or not to increase their productivity and control the issues of food wastage (Peters, 2010).